Data Privacy Day: Celebrating Citizen’s Right to Privacy And Protection in Nigeria
By Mubarak Umar
2022 marks the third year in which Nigeria will be joining the international community to celebrate World Data Privacy Day – an international event that occurs on January 28th of every year.
The purpose of Data Privacy Day is to raise awareness, promote privacy and data protection best practices. It is currently observed in the United States of America, Canada, and over 40 European countries since 2007. The international celebration offers opportunities for collaboration among governments, industries, academia, nonprofit organizations, privacy professionals, educators, etc
As a global event, Data Privacy Day encourages compliance with Data Privacy laws and regulations; dialogues among stakeholders interested in advancing data protection and privacy and provides a robust platform for global networking and local action on mutually cherished principles of data privacy.
The initiative that was initially on raising awareness to protect the information of government and private sectors’ business transactions, expanded over the years to include families, consumers, and all online activities as a result of the revolution brought by digital devices. Of a truth, a vast majority of our people are generally unfamiliar with the risks involved in the data processing. In the same vein, they are hardly aware of what they can do if they consider that their rights have been breached.
There are approximately 108.75 million internet users in Nigeria and the figure is projected to grow to 143.26 million by 2026. According to Statista, a leading provider of market and consumer data, internet penetration stood at 51.44% of the country’s population in 2021, and will likely reach 59.92 percent by the year 2026.
The appointment of Professor Isa Ali Ibrahim Pantami, (now Minister of Communications and Digital Economy) as the Director-General, National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), marked a turning point in the history of data privacy in Nigeria. Under his leadership, NITDA issued the Nigeria Data Protection Regulation (NDPR) 2019. It applies to both the public and private organizations as they process the personal data of Nigerian citizens and Nigerian residents anywhere in the world. The Regulation is aimed at protecting the right to privacy, creating the right environment for digital transactions, job creation, and improving information management practices in the country.
Working in concert with the Federal Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy, NITDA has sustained the momentum of data privacy protection in Nigeria. For instance, from approximately 600 organizations filing privacy audit reports in 2020, Nigeria now has at least 1230 organizations in 2021.
The incumbent Director-General of NITDA, KashifuInuwa, CCIE, memorably shared Nigeria’s strides in the international community thus: “in less than 2 years of active implementation of NDPR in Nigeria, we were admitted to the Common Thread Network (a Network of Data Protection Authorities of Commonwealth countries). We also got admitted as a full member of the Network of African Data Protection Authorities (NADPA). Our contribution to the Africa Union’s Policy and Regulatory Initiative for Digital Africa (PRIDA) Data Protection Laws’ Harmonization Work Group led to Nigeria being considered for inclusion in the list of countries where a developed framework for data laws harmonization was tested.”
The impact of NDPR on job and wealth creation is also remarkable. 7,680 jobs were created, and 5,746 Nigerians were trained on Nigeria Data Protection Regulation (NDPR) in 2021. The sector is currently valued at N4,080,000,000, using the median value of audit implementation cost, according to the Director-General of NITDA, KashifuInuwa, CCIE.
Before the introduction of the NDPR, no Nigerian entity could boast of full compliance with data protection laws. A handful of multinationals had some level of compliance imposed on them by their parent companies. The narrative changed drastically within one year. From zero compliance in 2018, Nigeria now has over 1230 organizations filing NDPR Compliance.
The place of NDPR in human rights jurisprudence has been litigated in our courts. Gladly, our courts, as the bastion of justice, have established a binding precedent to the effect that NDPR is rooted in section 37 of the 1999 Constitution. The section provides thus: The privacy of citizens, their homes, correspondence, telephone conversations, and telegraphic communications is hereby guaranteed and protected. The implication of this is that no data controller or data processor can wish away the NDPR. See the case of Incorporated Trustees of Digital Lawyers Initiative &Ors. V. National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) CA/ IB/291/2020.
It is believed that the future of work will be fundamentally different when digital machines are deployed in virtually everything that we do. Soon, the new machines: Artificial Intelligence and Robotics will be a platform of innovation in Nigeria, especially in instrumenting, automating, tracking, and analyzing the core operations of businesses.
While exploring and utilizing these digital economy potentials, NITDA is always proactive in creating awareness on how Nigerians can protect their personal information. It is only when customers trust their activities online that the digital economy will thrive.
To deter breach of data privacy, NDPR provides that: “Any person subject to the Regulation who is found to be in breach of the data privacy rights of any Data Subject shall be liable, in addition to any other criminal liability, to the following: a) in the case of a Data Controller dealing with more than 10,000 Data Subjects, payment of the fine of 2% of Annual Gross Revenue of the preceding year or payment of the sum of 10 million Naira, whichever is greater; b) in the case of a Data Controller dealing with less than 10,000 Data Subjects, payment of the fine of 1% of the Annual Gross Revenue of the preceding year or payment of the sum of 2 million Naira, whichever is greater.
This clearly shows that NITDA, acting as Nigeria’s data regulatory body, is committed to protecting citizens’ data to ensure that Nigerian businesses remain competitive locally and internationally.
Nigeria is the only country in Africa that dedicates a full week 24th – 28th January of every year to raise awareness on data protection with a series of programs, both physically and virtually.
NITDA is playing its role in the best possible way to attract investment, open more digital job opportunities for Nigeria’s teeming population and support the security architecture by effectively implementing its mandate of protecting peoples’ data.
The implication of the foregoing is that Nigeria with over 200 million citizens can tackle any prejudice or misgivings about digitization through a potent regulatory instrument on data privacy. The resulting effect is momentum for a sustainable digital economy. This momentum will invariably create jobs for essential public services. It is however important for Nigerians to take ownership of the legal regulatory framework on data privacy with a view to sustaining the present administration’s effort in building an inclusive and sustainable digital economy.
Public Higher Institutions In Nigeria Are Yet To Fully Leverage Alumni Bodies Within Country And In Diaspora, Says Ennovate Lab CEO
Mr. Jesudamilare Adesegun-David is Co-Founder/CEO of Ennovate Lab.
Olushola Okunlade, BusinessEcho was at the two-day ICTEL Expo organised by the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI), a leading voice in the Organised Private Sector (OPS) in Nigeria that hosted the 8th edition of the Information, Communication, Technology, and Telecommunications (ICTEL) Expo.
During the Panel Session on Education, Digital Literacy, and Digital Infrastructure in Nigeria on Wednesday, August 31, 2022, at the ICTEL Expo 2022, organised by Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI), Mr. Jesudamilare Adesegun-David, Co-Founder/CEO of Ennovate Lab focuses on three specific points in his responses to questions.
The hybrid event has the theme, “Ensuring efficient digital infrastructure in Nigeria” and took place at the Muson Centre, Onikan, Lagos, Nigeria on Wednesday 31st August, and Thursday 1st September 2022.
Ennovate Lab is committed to building resilient and inclusive innovation ecosystems in underserved university communities in Africa beginning from Ogbomoso in Oyo State, Nigeria. Ennovate Lab does this by identifying and resourcing the most promising tech and entrepreneurial talents in these communities, incubating startups, and developing digital products and services that unlock greater socio-economic value for Africans.
How can public universities finance the necessary digital infrastructure they need to be on the cutting edge of digital advances and opportunities?
Public higher institutions in Nigeria are yet to fully leverage their alumni bodies within the country and in the diaspora. The role of alumni bodies in funding critical infrastructural projects is not to be underestimated. Western universities have been able to hack into getting their alumni involved in funding their alma maters. For instance, in 2018, Michael Bloomberg donated $1.8bn to his alma mater, Johns Hopkins University. While that might be a stretch for Nigerians at this point, the recent story of how US-based Dr. Philip Ozuah donated $1m to University of Ibadan College of Medicine is proof of how much alumni can do when they are courted right.
Secondly, we need to leverage the presence of innovation hubs, especially in underserved communities where such higher education institutions (HEIs) are found. Innovation Hubs are able to pull in resources that can be shared by the wider HEI community. This is what Silicon Valley made possible for Stanford University. While it is possible to establish such hubs within the HEIs, independently-run hubs and the ecosystems they create around themselves can set the pace for HEIs in an unfettered way. This ensures that HEIs are consistently drawn to cutting-edge tech advances in the global digital economy.
What are the missing components in our education if we will be globally competitive?
Education, particularly it’s quality of it, is what sets nations apart. Show me the educational system of a nation and I will show you what the future holds for them.
A major issue in our schools is the absence of intentionally teaching critical and creative thinking for problem-solving. The status quo for a long time has seen rote memorization normalized. This can never transform anyone into a problem-solvers. This is one of the reasons why we are more of a consumer nation rather than a creator nation. Critical and creative thinking must be taught while using the Project-Based Learning model. I have seen what’s possible when these skills are taught like we’ve been doing for 5 years at Ennovate Lab. In the past years, we have taught more than 5000 people from high school students to educators, academics to government officials and the results have always been amazing. We need to integrate this into every school’s curriculum across primary, secondary, and tertiary levels.
ICTEL Expo 2022: Unitellas Backs Clamour For Digital Transformation With Edge Clouds
…Committed to delivering digital technology to modify business operations
Olushola Okunlade Writes
Unitellas International Limited has pledged to use emerging technologies to unlock value with Edge Clouds that will deliver digital transformation.
The Nigerian ICT sector has recorded an unprecedented growth of 18.44 per cent in the second quarter of 2022.
Unitellas International Limited is an Innovative Technology leader in the provision of enterprise-grade Edge Cloud and IT Infrastructure as a service within the African region. Unitella’s goal is to provide local access to world-class IT infrastructure Technology at reduced costs and change the narrative of sensitive data being stored outside Nigeria’s borders by providing Edge Cloud Infrastructure to Service Providers and Enterprises of all sizes and in all sectors of the economy.
In partnership with both local and international organizations, Unitellas provide fully managed Edge Cloud Services – Compute Power, Network, and Storage with Backup, Archiving, and Disaster Recovery capabilities.
Blessing Omo, Director of Operations, Unitellas who spoke on Digital Transformation: Unlocking Value with Edge Clouds in Nigeria at ICTEL Expo organised by LCCI on Thursday in Lagos stated that “We are committed to delivering the digital transformation that will help the application of digital technology to create or modify business operations to meet the ever-changing customers and market needs. Today operating a business or delivering public services has gone beyond just selling products and rendering services. “
“A good customer experience is key to customer satisfaction and retention, brand loyalty, and continuous goodwill of citizens in the case of government.
“As a country, Nigeria is still on its digital transformation journey to improve digital and data performance. The government, Institutions, and Private sector IT stakeholders collaboratively are taking steps to position the country to play a leading role in contributing to the global digital economy.”
Investing in Edge Cloud Technologies is key to digital transformation, “Edge Clouds” are compact or modular data centers closer to where the end users utilize them. Edge Computing brings processing closer to the source of data and enables the unlocking of the value of data assets in real time for critical decision-making.
According to Automation World 2021 Cloud & Edge survey, 62 percent of companies are currently leveraging cloud technologies as part of their digital transformation roadmap and countries like the US, UK, Singapore, etc are implementing cloud policies in governance and have recorded accelerated digital transformation and delivery of essential public and business services.
“We can achieve the same, Nigeria can achieve the next stage of digital transformation and reap the benefits of cloud services by shifting focus away from relying on legacy IT systems to utilize more cloud-based solutions which offer cost savings, capacity to scale rapidly as needed, advance cybersecurity features and access to powerful analytical tools for processing big data.
“Hybrid clouds – a mix of private and public clouds can be harnessed for the delivery of e-Government platforms and services, storage of sensitive citizen data, and delivery of applications that solves public sector and social challenges.”
“When the government takes the big step towards adopting cloud services, local businesses and entrepreneurs are encouraged to embrace cloud solutions facilitating digital transformation across all sectors of the economy with a resultant boom in Domestic Tech Ecosystems and the economic growth of Nigeria.”
“Storing Data in the Public cloud poses issues of Data Protection, Domestication, Retention, and Sovereignty as well as Exposure of Sensitive Data to Cyber and Ransomware attacks.”
To attain a high level of Security and Governance; meet Privacy and Intellectual Property as well as Data Protection Regulation Compliance as required by regulating bodies such as NITDA, CBN, NCC, NDPB, and the like, Nigerian-based organisations and organisation rendering services to Nigerian-born citizens should utilize Edge Clouds which are available in Four Data Centers (Galaxy Backbone-Abuja, CWG, African Data Center and Rack center in Lagos).
Blessing Omo, Director of Operations highlights different Edge Clouds and how it works;
Zadara-Edge Cloud Infrastructure: Powered by Zadara- a leader in Edge Cloud Services with 400+ global locations, organization in Nigeria now have access to a fully managed Full Stack infrastructure service that can be deployed on-premise, in the cloud or hybrid on a pay-for-use model which is scalable up or down as needed with no long term contracts or CapEx hardware investments.
With this cloud infrastructure, services can be delivered with high performance and reliability because edge clouds improve latency, reduce response time and conserve network resources thus reducing bandwidth costs.
Availability of applications are supported even during connectivity and cloud outage with improved security and privacy since the need for sensitive data to be sent to the cloud is reduced because processing and storage are handled locally.
With NO CapEx investment and NO long-term contracts required, high-performance elastic cloud services, including edge computing, without financial or operational burdens can be enjoyed. Services can be Scaled up, down, or turned at any time and you only pay for what you use.
Zcompute is elastic – any application can be developed, deploy, run and virtualize in a secured environment. zCompute is deployable in a collocated data center, private data center or public cloud. Whether you want to the cloud, repatriate from the cloud or just need resources closer to your data, zCompute is for you.
zStorage is enterprise storage made easy, offering different performance levels with any data type (structured or unstructured), and any protocol – (File, Block, and Object) in any location.
With a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) and Virtual Private Storage Array (VPSA), Multiple tenants are able to run compute and storage resources simultaneously on the same physical machines, without interfering with one another. Performance is predictable with full data privacy and security, and full elasticity can be maintained regardless of how many users are active at once.
Backup to Object Storage provides simple, cost-effective data protection leveraging object-based storage which eliminates the need for host-based backup software and provides an easy-to-use, high-performance, block-based, backup process.
Data backed up by Back up to Object Storage can be restored to any storage medium from any vendor, including Zadara, Amazon, Google, or any other storage target required by the user.
The infrastructure comes with a simple web interface to monitor applications and the health of the infrastructure itself with visualized dashboards, automated monitoring and alerting as well as detail reporting and billing.
Since it’s a fully managed infrastructure, support is at no cost with a 24/7/365 proactive monitoring and support team, no need to border about system refresh as it is handled seamless and we provide an uptime guarantee SLA of 99.9999%.
Implementation and Used Cases: Utilizing Edge Clouds in Nigeria will facilitate the digitalization of many processes in State Ministries, Government Agencies, and Tertiary Institutions as well as other sectors since it can be implemented to achieve cost-effective deployment and upgrade of mission-critical cloud-native applications, services, communication, and learning systems just to mention a few.
It can also be implemented for Backup, Archiving, and Disaster Recovery purposes.
"We are engaging some partners on a project to implement Edge Clouds for Tertiary Institutions to run school management systems, Online Learning Platforms, Student Information Systems and also provide a test environment for students studying computer science and information technology related courses
Our young talented, innovative developers, tech experts, and engineers with creative ideas are constantly developing applications that can be utilized to solve a lot of challenges. They need to be encouraged. They are faced with the challenges of high costs to host these applications in the public clouds and some businesses have been paralyzed by bill shocks and losses due to the uncertainties and high rates of foreign exchange rates.
These same services are available in-country, with 50% discounts off the public clouds and payable in our local currency. So let’s patronize local content and we will in effect be curbing capital flight due to the patronage of the hyper-scalers.
“Currently, we have Partners who have leverage on this infrastructure to provide email services hosted locally; offer backup for data generated from ATM transactions and host core banking applications used by many Nigerian banks; store POS transactions locally and offer Disaster Recovery and hosting services to government agencies and enterprises in Nigeria. So it is here and working effectively.
Now, Data Protection Agencies, Controllers/Processors are also empowered to implement compliance with data protection laws and regulations as we now have locally empowered cloud services providers who can provide the same services as the hyper-scalers.
Value Proposition of Edge Clouds: The value proposition of edge clouds is its decentralized nature, keeping data closer to its source while bringing compute resources to anywhere it needs to be.
With a growing hybrid workforce in this post-pandemic era, edge clouds improve the performance and the ability to access corporate data in real-time.
Business continuity relies on bullet-proof Backup. This solution provides business continuity that can backup centrally from and to any medium and access anywhere meaning you can Backup from any On-premise infrastructure, or any cloud.
The primary benefits or values that implementing Edge Clouds in Nigeria include
- Improved latency
- Reduction of response time
- Conservation of network resources (low-bandwidth costs)
- Constantly availability of mission-critical applications
- Improved Security and Privacy
- Cost savings as you pay per use without CapEx investments
- Cost-effective test environments for DevOps
- Reduce Capital flight in foreign exchange
- Increased confidence in local technology and so
This value-add can be unlocked if government, institutions, businesses, and individuals’ conscious efforts are made to promote local technologies in our cloud adoption and digital transformation strategies.
ICTEL Expo 2022: Galaxy BackBone Seeks Partnership To Drive Digital economy Inclusion In Africa
…Advocates Increased Partnership To Propel Nigeria’s Digital Economy
Olushola Okunlade Writes
Galaxy Backbone Limited (GBB) has called on all relevant stakeholders to partner with the government to propel the digital economy.
Speaking at the Information, Communication, Technology, and Telecommunications (ICTEL) Expo organised by the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) in Lagos, Professor Muhammad Bello Abubakar, Managing Director/CEO Galaxy Backbone noted that as “GBB evolves as an organisation, they are aware of the need to establish great partners who would work with GBB in line of her vision of being the leading enabler of Digital inclusion in Africa. This is because we believe that this is what drives the development and growth of any economy.”
Abubakar who was represented at the event thanked the Lagos Chamber of Commerce for partnering with Galaxy Backbone and he pledged to increase the agency’s support toward the advancement of trade and industry in Nigeria.
Speaking further, he emphasized the importance of working together toward creating effective and productive Digital Infrastructures that will power and propel the nation’s Digital Economy.
“We are very clear in mind that we cannot succeed on our own, hence we are determined to collaborate with organisations and platforms like yours in advancing the goals and objectives of our respective organisations.
“With ICT today contributing almost 19 per cent to our nation’s GDP and the realities of our vibrant and energetic young population of innovative tech entrepreneurs spanning out from different parts of this city of Lagos and across the country and the realities of our growing digital economy, we are poised as an organisation to reposition ourselves and advance the growth and prosperity of our nation. And what better way to do this, than to support what the Lagos Chamber of Commerce is doing.
“We are hopeful that in a short time, we would be listed as one of the most advanced digital economies operating out of Africa,” he said.
He also seized the opportunity to educate attendees on the world-class Tier III Datacentre and soon-to-be-launched Tier IV Datacentre operated by GBB for Cloud and Disaster Recovery purposes.
Professor Isa Ali Ibrahim (Pantami), the Minister of Communications and Digital Economy recently inspected the soon-to-be-launched World-class Galaxy Backbone Tier IV data centre built by the Federal Government of Nigeria which also houses GBB’s North West Regional Office and Network Operating Centre in Kano.
Galaxy Backbone is the Digital Infrastructure and shared services platform for public and private organisations.
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